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espírito santo estado

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O estado é banhado pelo oceano Atlântico. The main industrial sectors are: Extraction of Oil and Natural Gas (23.0%), Construction (20.5%), Industrial Services of Public Utility, such as Electricity and Water (12.3%), Metallurgy (7.5 %) and Pulp and Paper (6.6%). "Capixaba" is Tupi for "corn hair", reportedly because the blond hair of the European settlers reminded the Amerindian natives of the golden color of corn. Especially in the 16th century, a number of towns in Espírito Santo were founded with primarily Amerindian populations converted to Catholicism, such as Serra and Santa Cruz. Eurico de Aguiar Salles Airport, which serves Vitória, is located on a plot of land just over 5.2 million square meters (1,300 acres). The road system is organized from the BR-101, which crosses Espírito Santo from north to south, bordering the coast. The capital was at first established in Vila Velha, but due to frequent raids by Amerindians, it was moved to the current capital of Vitória, founded on September 8, 1551, on an island near Vila Velha, which was later named Vitória Island. There is debate as to the origin of the term capixaba, the unofficial demonym for those born in Espírito Santo. According to the IBGE as of 2012, there were 3,637,000 people residing in the state. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, is surrounded by plains. The tertiary sector is underdeveloped throughout the state. Germans were among the first colonists to cultivate land away from the coastal zone and were a strong influence. Other important river basins include the Santa Maria River Basin, the northern branch of the inlets flowing into the sea near Vitória, and the Jucu River Basin, which flows into the sea at roughly the same place, but corresponds to the southern branch. Espírito Santo was first inhabited by Amerindians, whose different tribes were usually semi-nomadic, but there is no recorded history of pre-colonial Brazil. It's difficult to pin down the exact numbers of immigrants of each of these groups to Espírito Santo because they usually arrived under a common Austrian-Hungarian passport, or, in the case of the Tyroleans, under a Swiss or Italian passport. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. In the north of the state, beef cattle are raised and fattened, and there the meat industry was developed, whose meat is mainly shipped to Rio de Janeiro, in addition to supplying the region of Vitória. [21], In 2018 the state also produced cassava, in a small amount compared to Brazilian production: 115 thousand tons, with the country producing 17 million tons. The peak of Bandeira, the third highest in the country, is another tourist destination. Its area includes the uninhabited offshore islands of The total number of chickens in the state is approximately 9.2 million birds, and that of cattle exceeds 1.8 million heads. After the Independence of Brazil in 1822, Espírito Santo's provincial status was kept, and it was headed by an appointed provincial president. Flowing northeastward to Governador Valadares, southeastward to Colatina, and thence eastward across the coastal plain of. Tourism plays an ever-increasing role in the state's economy and is a leading destination in Brazilian domestic tourism, although international tourism is rarer. The recent construction of new aircraft parking boxes on the aprons has increased the airport’s operational efficiency. In 2012, the export basket of Espírito Santo was based on iron ore (52.49%), crude oil (10.87%), chemical pulp made of soda or sulphate wood (10.01%), stone or construction (5.58%) and coffee (4.42%). The Arab-Brazilians of Espírito Santo are generally Maronite Christians. This Brazilian state is in the east of the southeastern subdivision of Brazil, which also contains the states of São Paulo, Minas Gerais and Rio de Janeiro. It is bounded to the north by the state of Bahia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the state of Rio de Janeiro, and to the west and north by the state of Minas Gerais. The country exported US $ 7.48 billion in pulp this year, US $ 3.25 billion only to China. Secondary schools are distributed throughout the state; there are two medical schools in Vitória. A third etymology is from the name of a local tribe, borrowed by the Portuguese during the colonial period. Aplicativo permite que consumidores pesquisem os preços de um mesmo produto em diferentes estabelecimentos. Espírito Santo is a major steel producer, due to two steel mills present in its territory: ArcelorMittal Tubarão (formerly Companhia Siderúrgica de Tubarão), in the capital Vitória, which, in 2018, produced 7 million tons of crude steel, of the 35.4 million produced in the country; and ArcelorMittal Sul Fluminense (formerly Votorantim Siderurgia), also in the capital, which produced 1 million tons of crude steel in the same year. Agriculture represents 5% of GDP (2004). Italian food is also an important part of Capixaba cuisine. It is one of the few flags in the world which use the colour pink. Como era domingo, a região foi batizada com o nome Espírito Santo. [23]. In the northern extremes of Espírito Santo is Itaúnas, in the municipality of Conceição da Barra, which is a tourist location known for its sand dunes and forró tradition. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Campaigns against infectious diseases have been successfully pursued. It is bounded to the north by the state of Bahia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the state of Rio de Janeiro, and to the west and north by the state of Minas Gerais. São Paulo comes in 2nd place, with an 11.5% share of total production. The state is often referred to by its official abbreviation, Largest cities or towns in Espírito Santo, Learn how and when to remove this template message, United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil, Alfeu Adolfo Monjardim de Andrade e Almeida, "Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics", "Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística", "Radar IDHM: evolução do IDHM e de seus índices componentes no período de 2012 a 2017", "Imigração italiana por Estados e Regiões do Brasil (in Portuguese)", "Espírito Santo, lo stato più veneto del Brasile", Consulado italiano vai abrir dois escritórios em Vitória para agilizar pedidos de cidadania (in Portuguese), Sobre a composição étnica da população capixaba (in Portuguese), IBGE prevê safra recorde de grãos em 2020, Coagro espera a melhor safra da cana-de-açúcar dos últimos quatro anos, ACOMPANHAMENTO DA SAFRA BRASILEIRA DE CANA DE AÇÚCAR MAIO 2019, Custo de produção de banana no sudeste paraense, Composição do PIB do estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio aumenta sua participação na produção nacional de petróleo e gás, Made in Espírito Santo: celulose capixaba é usada em papel até do outro lado do mundo, DENATRAN - Frota nacional de veículos 2016, Número de aparelhos celulares ultrapassa 4 milhões no Espírito Santo, Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), "Significado das cores da bandeira capixaba", Brazilian Portal with information about Espírito Santo and Brazil, The German Colonists in the Brazilian State of Espírito Santo, Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, "Estimativas da população residente nos municípios brasileiros com data de referência em 1º de julho de 2011", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Espírito_Santo&oldid=983442721, States and territories established in 1889, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles needing additional references from March 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles lacking in-text citations from March 2018, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles with empty sections from March 2018, Articles with Portuguese-language sources (pt), Articles with German-language sources (de), Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, capixaba, espiritossantense or espirito-santense, This page was last edited on 14 October 2020, at 07:43. A short period of democracy existed during the Second Brazilian Republic; Carlos Monteiro Lindenberg was elected governor. Há 3 horas Espírito Santo Relojoaria em frente à base da PM em Guarapari, ES, é arrombada Criminosos arrombaram uma loja lateral e abriram um buraco na parede para ter acesso ao estabelecimento. There are considerable reserves of limestone, marble, manganese, ilmenite, bauxite, zirconium, monazites and rare earths, although not all are being explored. Journey to South America: Fact or Fiction? Since construction of its first section, finished in 1946, the airport has undergone several expansions and modernizations, but current demand has surpassed its capacity of 560 thousand passengers a year. The location of the port in the city center also results in schedule complications, with limitations resulting from traffic constraints. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. : (27) 3636-1024, Carteira de trabalho e Previdência Social (CTPS), Corpo de Bombeiros Militar do Espírito Santo, ISSQN (Imposto Sobre Serviços de Qualquer Natureza), FGTS (Fundo de Garantia do Tempo de Serviço), IPI (Imposto Sobre Produtos Industrializados), Acordos de Cooperação - Vice Governadoria, Governador entrega obras de infraestrutura e autoriza novos investimentos em Viana, Bacia Hidrográfica do Rio Jucu é a primeira do Estado a ter critérios próprios de Outorga para uso da água, Chamada Pública da Secti para expositores na 17ª Semana C&T está aberta, Sefaz adota Menor Preço Brasil como único aplicativo de consulta de preços, Governo do Estado autoriza construção de duas unidades escolares em Vitória.

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