Cartwright, Mark. It seems only fair the tower should commemorate a man who spent 20 years cooped up in it. 22 Oct 2020. Both have storage cellars, storerooms, chambers, and latrines which empty down into the river below. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Chepstow_Castle/. Marshal’s Tower was built by the sons of Sir William Marshal, and it was likely used for ladies chambers, given the presence of several windows with seats (useful for reading and embroidery). We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Chepstow Castle, located in Monmouthshire, South Wales, was first built c. 1067 by William FitzOsbern and then significantly improved c. 1190 CE by Sir William Marshal (c. 1146-1219 CE), one of England’s greatest ever knights who served four kings and acted as regent for Henry III of England (r. 1216-1272 CE). Chepstow is located in Monmouthshire, South Wales between the towns of Caldicot to the south west and Lydney to the north east. The base of the tower has massive tapering spurs in stone to protect it from attack by miners. Last modified January 20, 2020. At the far western end of the castle is the rectangular Marshal’s Tower (now with its inner walls removed) and the barbican or fortified upper gatehouse with a round tower and wall. The tower is now much lower than in its original three-storey prime and none of its interior floors or ceilings survives - although we know that Henry III of England granted the use of oak from the Forest of Dean for their manufacture. Find Property for sale in Chepstow, Wales. Walesdirectory.co.uk, where you can find where to go, what to see, and where to stay in Chepstow Wales. These services would come in handy for the visit of Edward I of England (r. 1272-1307 CE) in December 1285 CE when perhaps the king took note of its defensive arrangements for the mighty castles he would build in north Wales over the next decade. As with any medieval castle, the location was an important consideration for the castle’s future defence and its strategic value. Annals of Chepstow Castle: Or, Six Centuries of the Lords of Striguil... [Historical ... accounts of ... Chepstow Castle: including Persfield... An Epic Poem On Sir Nicholas Kemeys, The Captor And Defender Of Chepstow... Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Web. The dramatic curve here in that river gave the castle its Welsh name - Striguil, meaning ‘the bend’. Chepstow Castle has three baileys, the lowest being added in the 13th century CE, and reaches a length of 213 meters (700 ft) which presents an imposing arrangement of crenellated walls with round and square towers. The inner sides are of interest as their latticework shows evidence of the oldest surviving mortise-and-tenon joints in Britain. Simply click through to the The solid rock base made the castle impregnable to undermining, and its high walls and towers made any attack by siege engines next to impossible. Amongst these were Pembroke Castle and Chepstow Castle in Wales. The town claims to be the "first historic town in wales" and its position on … Here also are various rooms for preparing meals such as the buttery (for beverages), pantry (for bread) and oven. In front of this tower, on the inside, of course, is the castle’s well. The Great Gatehouse with its double towers is located at the eastern end of the castle. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. A cross wall then divides the castle and leads via a small towered gateway to the Middle Bailey which is in turn separated from the Upper Bailey by the Great Tower, cited on the narrowest part of the ridge on which the whole castle is built. The tower cleverly saved costs by having a thinner wall on the river side, and it had the main entrance on the first floor, a typical defensive feature of the period. The dramatic curve here in that river gave the castle its … The towers project forward of the gateway to better protect it with further defensive measures including a double tier of arrow loops (narrow windows), a machicolation hole for dropping nasty things on attackers below, two wooden gates and two portcullises. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. Chepstow Castle was first built from around 1067 CE by Earl William FitzOsbern, an ally of William the Conqueror (r. 1066-1087 CE). He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the Publishing Director at AHE. Sometime before 1119 CE Henry I of England (r. 1100-1135 CE) then gave Chepstow to a loyal follower, one Walter de Clare. On the left of the Great Gatehouse is the massive semicircular Marten’s Tower (c. 1287-93 CE), built as part of the works funded by Roger Bigod. His special interests include pottery, architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share in common. License. The walls are around 12 metres (40 ft) high and, on the safer cliff edge, are just 0.91 metres (3 ft) thick while those elsewhere are 2.97 metres (9.75 ft) thick. Accordingly, Chepstow Castle was built at one of the gateways to Wales on a limestone cliff overlooking the River Wye. The first version of the main rectangular stone castle keep (donjon) was built c. 1072 CE, one of the earliest to be built in England and Wales. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 20 Jan 2020. Another cost-saving device was to reuse locally-found old Roman bricks and tiles in the lower courses, a reminder that the border region between England and Wales had a long history of conflict. Chepstow Castle. The next owner was Charles Somerset, Earl of Worcester. The barbican, which was again built by Sir William's sons (1219-45 CE), was further protected by an exterior ditch (originally crossed by a wooden drawbridge). Ancient History Encyclopedia. The castle also benefitted from its new owner’s experience in siege warfare in France, with the first twin-towered gatehouse built in Britain. It gives entrance to the lower bailey, now grassed, which measures some 18.5 square metres (200 square feet). You may make an instant secure room or cottage It is possible there was also a barbican in front of the Great Gatehouse but remains there are inconclusive. Ancient History Encyclopedia. "Chepstow Castle." Serving Richard I of England (r. 1189-1199 CE) and King John of England (r. 1189-1216 CE), Sir William reached his peak as the Protector of the Kingdom - king in all but name - when he acted as regent for the young Henry III of England. Great Hall & Lesser Hall, Chepstow Castleby Nessy (CC BY-SA). Original Entrance Doors, Chepstow Castleby Damian Entwistle (CC BY-NC). The structure gets its name from a 17th-century CE political prisoner who was kept there, Henry Marten, a lawyer who had signed the death warrant for Charles I of England (r. 1625-1649 CE) and so found himself an undesirable following the restoration of the monarchy in 1660 CE. For the same reason, circular windows were made in some of the walls which were thickened on the eastern side to withstand the firepower of would-be attackers. "Chepstow Castle." Despite its innovative design, and the expense of its formidable defensive features - or perhaps because of them, the castle was never attacked in the medieval period. It is perhaps no surprise then that the castle was never attacked in the Middle Ages but it was largely intended as a fortified base from which to attack southern Wales rather than a point of defensive retreat. After FitzOsbern’s son Roger de Breteuil participated in a rebellion against William the Conqueror, the Crown took possession of the castle. Related Content The castle benefitted from Sir William Marshal’s experience in siege. Ancient History Encyclopedia.
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