According to data on social trends, women are more likely to own a cat over men; which supports higher incidence rates of this disease in women. A blood test is the most accurate way to test for this infection, but the disease is still often hard to diagnose. The World Health Organization says COVID-19 has gotten in the way of mental health. B. henselae is difficult to culture and can take 2–6 weeks to incubate. However, for those with compromised immune systems, such as HIV patients, cat scratch disease can lead to serious complications such as encephalopathy and neuroretinitis, two types of serious brain diseases. Globally, despite some individual differences, humanity is adapting to the pandemic and finding a way to move forward emotionally. In 2017, there were 51 reported cases. Do you know how to prevent head lice infestations? , People who are immunocompromised are susceptible to other conditions associated with B. henselae and B. quintana, such as bacillary angiomatosis or bacillary peliosis. It's best to keep kitty inside and control flea infestations to lower your cat scratch disease risk. The length of the study period was 9 years and was based on 280,522,578 person-years; factors such as year, length of insurance coverage, region, age, and sex were used to calculate the person-years incidence rate to eliminate confounding variables among the entire study population. 1. Or that women can have different heart attack symptoms? Contact your doctor if you develop any symptoms of cat-scratch disease or infection.  Diagnosis is generally based on symptoms. The report also uncovered the prevalence of the disease, and highlighted that although it was extremely rare, each year about 12,000 people are diagnosed with cat-scratch disease, and of these, 500 require hospitalization. Incidence among females was higher than that among males in all age groups. Videos are often thought of as being a waste of time, but there may be some benefits to online gaming, such as social connections to combat loneliness. An example of the increased incidence can be found in Essex County, New Jersey. Under the microscope, the skin lesion demonstrates a circumscribed focus of necrosis, surrounded by histiocytes, often accompanied by multinucleated giant cells, lymphocytes, and eosinophils. , As a consequence, a likely means of transmission of B. henselae from cats to humans may be inoculation with flea feces containing B. henselae through a contaminated cat scratch wound or by cat saliva transmitted in a bite.  Lymphadenopathy in CSD most commonly occurs in the arms, neck, or jaw, but may also occur near the groin or around the ear.  Although some experts recommend not treating typical CSD in immunocompetent people with mild to moderate illness, treatment of all people with antimicrobial agents (Grade 2B) is suggested due to the probability of disseminated disease. , Distribution of CSD among children aged 5–9 was of the highest incidence in the analyzed database, followed by women aged 60–64. , Cat-scratch disease can be primarily prevented by taking flea control measures and washing hands after handling a cat or cat feces; since cats are mostly exposed to fleas when they are outside, keeping cats inside can help prevent infestation. The bacterial infection, which is passed to cats by fleas and then spread to humans through scratches, bites or allowing a cat to lick an open wound or scrape, can have serious complications such as heart and brain damage when left untreated. Cat-Scratch Disease in the United States, 2005–2013. It may take 7 to 14 days, or as long as two months, for symptoms to appear.  Symptoms typically include a non-painful bump or blister at the site of injury and painful and swollen lymph nodes. The report has found that cat scratch disease, which is also known as “cat scratch fever,” has more serious complications than doctors and researchers originally thought. Most people also develop systemic symptoms such as malaise, decreased appetite, and aches. , Symptoms similar to CSD were first described by Henri Parinaud in 1889, and the clinical syndrome was first described in 1950 by Robert Debré. it's a disease that you catch. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Method 1 of 5: Evaluating the Cat Scratch. , To determine recent incidence of CSD in the United States, the Truven Health MarketScan Commercial Claims and Encounters database was analyzed in a case control study from 2005–2013.  In warmer climates, the CSD is more prevalent during the fall and winter, which may be attributed to the breeding season for adult cats, which allows for the birth of kittens. Source: Nelson CA, Saha S, Mead PS. , The primary treatment is supportive. , Azithromycin is preferentially used in pregnancy to avoid the teratogenic side effects of doxycycline.  Parinaud's oculoglandular syndrome is the most common ocular manifestation of CSD, and is a granulomatous conjunctivitis with concurrent swelling of the lymph node near the ear. According to the CDC, washing your hands after playing with a cat, keeping a cat indoors, and treating it for fleas can all help reduce your chances of becoming infected.
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