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This was later pared down to 127 minutes for the US theatrical release. [10] Romero was able to secure the availability of the Monroeville Mall as well as additional financing through his connections with the mall's owners at Oxford Development. Distinct subgenres have evolved, such as the "zombie comedy" or the "zombie apocalypse". [10], In the late 2010s, zombie films began declining in the Western world. The band Mortician uses the quote Peter says about "no more room in hell" as the intro to their song "Zombie Apocalypse". A zombie film is a film genre. [11] These new fast running zombies have origins in video games, from Resident Evil's running zombie dogs and particularly the House of the Dead game's running human zombies. [12], sfn error: no target: CITEREFSilver2014 (, "Daze of the Dead 75 years of flesh-eating fun", "The Zombification Family Tree: Legacy of the Living Dead", "INTERVIEW: Director Alex Garland on Ex Machina", "How '28 Days Later' Changed the Horror Genre", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Zombie_film&oldid=981113400, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 September 2020, at 10:47. "[7] Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave it four out of four stars and proclaimed it "one of the best horror films ever made." In the 1980s Hong Kong cinema, the Chinese jiangshi, a zombie-like creature dating back to Qing dynasty era jiangshi fiction of the 18th and 19th centuries, was featured in a wave of jiangshi films, popularised by Mr. Vampire (1985). Argento invited Romero to Rome so he would have a change of scenery while writing the screenplay. It included changes such as more music from Goblin than the cuts completed by Romero, removal of some expository scenes, and a faster cutting pace. They are informed by an elderly priest of a group of zombies in the basement, which they assist in the grim job of destroying. For Romero's theatrical version, musical cues and selections were chosen from the De Wolfe Music Library, a compilation of stock music scores and cues. Following some close calls while stopping for fuel, the group comes across a shopping mall, which they make their sanctuary. Argento, who received a credit for original music alongside Goblin, collaborated with the group to get music for his cut of the film. The US theatrical cut of the film earned the taboo rating of X because of its graphic violence. While zombie films generally fall into the horror genre, some cross over into other genres, such as action, comedy, science fiction, thriller, or romance. Many tracks would also appear in the Tsui Hark film Dangerous Encounters of the First Kind. They devise an operation to block the mall entrances with trucks to keep the undead from penetrating. Two additional films were released on home video with titles that would imply that they were sequels, but which had nothing to do with the Italian series. In addition, the film was edited further by censors or distributors in certain countries. [4] The film received a sequel, Dawn of the Dead (1978), which was the most commercially successful zombie film at the time. The version of Dawn released on video in the mid-nineties under the label "Director's Cut" does not use most of the Goblin tracks, as they had not been completed at the time of that edit. While conceding Dawn of the Dead to be "gruesome, sickening, disgusting, violent, brutal and appalling," Ebert said that "nobody ever said art had to be in good taste. It received another sequel Day of the Dead (1985), and inspired numerous works such as Zombi 2 (1979) and Return of the Living Dead (1985). Inspired by the zombie of Haitian folklore, the modern zombie emerged in popular culture during the latter half of the twentieth century, with George A. Romero's seminal film Night of the Living Dead (1968). [47][48], In 2004, after numerous VHS, Laserdisc and DVD releases of several different versions of the film from various companies,[49] Anchor Bay Entertainment released a definitive Ultimate Edition DVD box set of Dawn of the Dead, following a single-disc U.S. theatrical cut released earlier in the year. A series of increasingly tenuous efforts by various producers to capitalize on the Zombi name ensued.[1]. The Zombi series refers collectively to various European horror films that have been falsely marketed as sequels to either George A. Romero's Italian-American film Dawn of the Dead, (1978) or Lucio Fulci's Italian film Zombi 2 (1979). Victor Halperin's White Zombie was released in 1932 and is often cited as the first zombie film. The history of Dawn of the Dead began in 1974, when George A. Romero was invited by friend Mark Mason of Oxford Development Company—who Romero knew from an acquaintance at his alma mater, Carnegie Mellon—to visit the Monroeville Mall, which Mason's company managed. In Britain, these films were released as the Zombie Flesh Eaters series. [17] Savini had been known for his make-up in horror for some time, prior to Dawn of the Dead, and in his book explaining special effects techniques, Bizarro, explains how his time in Vietnam influenced his craft. Zombi 2 was renamed Zombie, but Zombi 3 was still renamed Zombie 3 rather than Zombie 2. Stephen also gives Francine flying lessons. Reportedly, the lack of a forthcoming release in these regions is due to the high licensing fee Richard P. Rubinstein has placed on the film in the wake of an unreleased 3D version of the film, which he supervised and financed for $6 million. [57][better source needed] The mission also takes place on the set of a zombie film being shot in a mall during closing hours. "[41] Pauline Kael wrote that, in contrast to the "truly frightening" Night of the Living Dead, "you begin to laugh with relief that you're not being emotionally challenged or even affected; [Dawn of the Dead is] just a gross-out. [8] It was also named as one of The Best 1000 Movies Ever Made, a list published by The New York Times. The film received a sequel, Dawn of the Dead (1978), which was the They are commonly portrayed as cannibalistic in nature. [7][8][9] The success of these films led to the zombie genre reaching a new peak of commercial success not seen since the 1970s. By using numerous angles during the filming, Romero allowed himself an array of possibilities during editing—choosing from these many shots to reassemble into a sequence that could dictate any number of responses from the viewer simply by changing an angle or deleting or extending portions of scenes. The cuts presented to the Australian Classification Board were Argento's cut and Romero's cut, respectively. Joe Hill's short story "Bobby Conroy Comes Back From the Dead" takes place on the set of Dawn of the Dead. The Thai Zombi series follows the titling and numbering of the British series, but adds the unrelated film Killing Birds with the new title, Zombie Flesh Eaters 4.[2]. Peter and Stephen also cover the access to the stairwell. He went on to say that Dawn of the Dead was a "savage (if tongue-in-cheek) attack on the foibles of modern society", showcasing explicit gore and horror and turning them into "a form of art". The raid descends into chaos when Wooley, a brutal and racist trooper, begins firing randomly at the mostly black and Latino residents before being killed himself. Much of the lead-in to the two suicides remains in the film, as Francine leans out of the helicopter upon seeing the zombies approach and Peter puts a gun to his head, ready to shoot himself. The United States is devastated by a mysterious phenomenon that reanimates recently-deceased human beings as flesh-eating zombies. The film has a 93% approval rating on Rotten Tomatoes, which calls it "one of the most compelling and entertaining zombie films ever made" in its critical consensus.[7]. Ad campaigns and posters declared the film "the most intensely shocking motion picture experience for all times". He met Romero and Rubinstein, helping to secure financing in exchange for international distribution rights. After showing Romero hidden parts of the mall, during which Romero noted the bliss of the consumers, Mason jokingly suggested that someone would be able to survive in the mall should an emergency ever occur. It was reissued, with a new introduction by Simon Pegg, on May 26, 2015, by Gallery Books.[56]. [44] The 25th anniversary issue of Fangoria named it the best horror film of 1979 (although it was released a year earlier),[45] and Entertainment Weekly ranked it #27 on a list of "The Top 50 Cult Films. This is a reference to the production of the Romero film, which was shot under similar circumstances. [9] In Japan, on the other hand, the low-budget Japanese zombie comedy One Cut of the Dead (2017) became a sleeper hit, making box office history by earning over a thousand times its budget. Peter kills Stephen while Francine escapes to the roof. Dawn of the Dead has received a number of re-cuts and re-edits, due mostly to Argento's rights to edit the film for international foreign language release. The set features all three widely available versions of the film, along with different commentary tracks for each version, documentaries and extras. Edde Entertainment) [9] Once the casting was completed, principal shooting was scheduled to begin in Pennsylvania on November 13, 1977. Use of an actual, open shopping mall during the Christmas shopping season caused numerous time constraints. The film was refused classification in Australia twice: in its theatrical release in 1978 and once again in 1979. [34] The Numbers claims it had an international gross of $49.9 million, which with a domestic gross of $16 million,[34] gives a worldwide total of $66 million, making it the most profitable film in the Dead series. Following its success, a zombie film by Lucio Fulci that was already in production was retitled Zombi 2, to appear as an ersatz sequel.

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